Steer Correction for Power Mobility

Canadian Clinical Blog by Sheilagh Sherman, BA, BHScOT, MHM, OT Reg. (Ont.) - Sunrise Medical

Have you ever driven your vehicle and felt like you had to correct the steering to continue to go in the direction you intended? Most likely, the answer is yes. This may have occurred if you drove over a bumpy dirt road or other rough terrain. It may have occurred if two wheels were on one surface, such as a road, and the other two wheels were on another surface, such as a soft shoulder, or when there was a transition between two surfaces. Drivers of power wheelchairs also may experience circumstances when correction of the steering is required. This month, Clinical Corner will focus on technical solutions to address steer correction in power mobility.

In a vehicle, we notice when our wheels need alignment when the car consistently veers or pulls to one side, and we have to steer to correct this. In a power wheelchair, this may occur if there is an imbalance in the motor values due to active wear and tear. (Recall from the Clinical Corner article De-mystifying Power Wheelchairs: Batteries and Motors that electric wheelchairs are operated by 2 motors.) If a qualified service technician determines that the cause of the veering of the wheelchair is a result of an imbalance that can be corrected through programming, the technician can use the steer correct programming parameter to make changes that will enhance the tracking of the wheelchair and eliminate the veering. (See Power Programming Basics for an overview on programming.)

Typically, however, the need for steer correction is felt in everyday power wheelchair driving, even in new wheelchairs, such as when climbing curbs, thresholds or small obstacles, making flooring or grade transitions, and when driving on uneven terrain. Directional stability, or tracking, depends on the extent to which the wheelchair “wants” to turn, even when the individual wants to go in a straight line. (For more on directional stability of wheelchairs and drive wheel position, refer to Power Mobility: Comparing Mid-Wheel, Rear-Wheel and Front-Wheel Drive.) Depending upon the physics involved, the wheelchair may drift to the left or right. Steer correction technology can be added to motors to provide assistance to ensure the wheelchair tracks in a straight line, reducing the need for the individual driver to make steering corrections.

One type of steer correction technology is encoders. Encoders are designed to reduce the drive corrections needed to maintain the direction and speed of a wheelchair due to the variability of terrain. This means that encoders help to maintain the intended speed going up or down hill, across a side slope, or going in a straight line, while maintaining the desired direction. Encoders work by sending feedback multiple times per second on the revolutions per minute (RPM) of each motor to the encoder module. If one of the motors is not turning as quickly as the other motor, despite receiving equal current (indicating that the driver intends to drive in a straight line), the encoder will send more current to the slower motor to allow the wheelchair to run in a straight line. Below is a graphic illustration that shows the benefit of steer correction on a mid-wheel drive wheelchair.

While we can see that an individual using a standard joystick can benefit from using steer correction technology to enhance ease of driving, steer correction technology is an important consideration for individuals who use specialty input devices. When an individual is unable to use a standard joystick to operate a power wheelchair, either proportional or non-proportional specialty drive controls may be used. (See Specialty Controls for Power Wheelchairs for more information on specialty input devices.) As non-proportional drive controls are programmed for a set speed and direction, it may be frustrating and fatiguing for an individual if steer corrections are constantly required throughout the course of the day. Encoders work well for individuals using specialty controls to help the wheelchair maintain the desired speed and direction, without needing additional corrections.

Steer correction technology should be considered for individuals who will be driving power wheelchairs. While not every individual who drives a power wheelchair will require this technology, it is a tremendous benefit to those who are using specialty input devices and/or those who are very active users in their power wheelchairs, traversing over different terrains and flooring.

As always, please provide your comments, questions, and suggestions regarding Clinical Corner. Please email me at I look forward to hearing from you!

Sheilagh Sherman BA, BHScOT, MHM, OT Reg. (Ont.) - Clinical Education Manager, Canada

Sheilagh Sherman, BA, BHScOT, MHM, OT Reg. (Ont.)

Sheilagh Sherman joined Sunrise Medical Canada in 2010 as a Clinical Educator. Prior to joining Sunrise, Sheilagh gained extensive clinical experience working in a variety of settings, including neurological rehabilitation, complex continuing care, and community rehabilitation. As the Clinical Education Manager, Sheilagh is a clinical resource for therapists across Canada involved in seating and mobility. She leads workshops, seminars, and webinars on the clinical aspects of seating and mobility. In addition, Sheilagh has presented at national and international conferences on seating and mobility.

Sheilagh also has an educational background that makes her well suited to the role of Clinical Education Manager. Sheilagh earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University of Toronto in 1988, which enables her to understand healthcare policy and policy changes. Sheilagh graduated with a Bachelor of Health Sciences (Occupational Therapy) degree from McMaster University in 1994. In 2012, Sheilagh earned a Certificate in Adult Education/Staff Training from Seneca College. She applies adult learning principles to the workshops she leads. Finally, she also has a Master of Health Management (MHM) degree from McMaster University after graduating in 2015. Courses that Sheilagh completed during the MHM degree, such as Knowledge Translation, Evaluating Sources of Evidence, and Quality & Safety in Healthcare, assist Sheilagh in using an evidence-based approach in her work.

In her free time, Sheilagh enjoys running, in addition to practicing yoga.

Date: 2016-12-20

DISCLAIMER: FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY. THIS WEBSITE (AND THE DOCUMENTS REFERENCED HEREIN) DO NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. Sunrise Medical (CA) LLC (“Sunrise”) does not provide clinician services. The information contained on this website (and the documents referenced herein), including, but not limited to, the text, graphics, images, and descriptions, are for informational purposes only and should be utilized as a general resource for clinicians and suppliers to then use clinical reasoning skills to determine optimal seating and mobility solutions for individual patients. No material on this website (or any document referenced herein) is intended to be used as (or a substitute for) professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never disregard your professional medical training when providing medical advice or treatment because of something you have read on this website (or any document referenced herein). Clinicians should review this (and any other materials) carefully and confirm information contained herein with other sources. Reliance on this website (and the information contained herein) is solely at your own risk.


AdaptedStrollers AdaptiveDriveControls AdjustableSeating Anniversary assessment BackRest BackSupport Bariatric Batteries BestPractice BodyShape Camber CasterHousingPosition CentreOfGravity ChangeInFunction ClinicalEducator COG Comfort ControlModule Cushion CushionCover CushionDesign CushionMaterial Customization CustomSeating Design dissipation DriveWheel DynamicTilt EarlyInterventionDevices Edema Education ElectricScooters ElectricWheelchair Electronics Encoders Falls FallsPrevention FemoralLoading Growth Handcycling Hardware HeadRest HeadSupport Heat ISO7176-19 KnowledgeTranslation LateralPosition Maneuverability Manual ManualWheelchair ModularFrame ModularSeating Moisture Motors OccupantRestraint OccupationalTherapy OTA/PTA OutcomeMeasures Outcomes Parasport PelvicObliquity PelvicRotation positioning PosteriorPelvicTilt Postural PowerAssist PowerMobility PowerWheelchair Pressure PressureInjury PressureManagement PressureRedistribution PressureUlcer PreventionOfSliding Programming protection PushrimActivatedPowerAssistWheelchair RearWheel Recline RehabAssistant ReviewArticle Rigid rigidity RigidWheelchair RollingResistance scooter Scooters SeatElevation Seating SeatingAndMobility SeatingGoals SeatingProductParameters skin SkinProtection Sliding SpecialtyControls Sports StaffTraining StandardizedTerms StandardWheelchair SteerCorrection supports technology TherapistAssistant Tilt Tilt-in-Space TiltMechanism transit VibrationDampening WC18 WC19 WC20 Wear Weight WeightShift WeightShifting Wheelchair wheelchairbasketball WheelchairConfiguration WheelchairCushion WheelchairProvision WheelchairProvisionSteps WheelchairTennis WheelchairTiedowns